Keeping babies alive is one of Michigan's highest priorities. Infant mortality, the rate at which babies born alive die before reaching their first birthday, is a significant public health problem in our state. For every 1,000 babies born in Michigan, almost 7 die by age one. Infant mortality rates are much higher for certain racial and ethnic groups. The infant mortality rate for African American and American Indian babies is more than twice that of Caucasians. Causes of infant mortality include serious birth defects, preterm birth before 37 weeks gestation, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), maternal pregnancy complications, and injuries.
Because infant mortality is so important, it is one measure selected by Governor Rick Snyder to gauge the health of Michigan's population. Infant mortality is publicly monitored on Michigan's performance dashboards, which were implemented by Governor Snyder to provide a quick assessment of the state's performance in key areas such as public health. To view the Infant Mortality Dashboard, click HERE.