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Essential Job Functions of a Michigan Conservation Officer
Perform as a conservation officer without discriminating against any person because of race, color, national origin, religion, disability, age, marital status, sex, height or weight.
Perform a variety of essential job functions under stressful and non-stressful conditions while maintaining psychological stability, credibility and integrity. Maintain a high level of credibility, integrity and believability at all times to maintain that trust which citizens expect and deserve.
Communicate effectively over law enforcement radio channels while initiating and responding to radio communications, often under adverse conditions such as siren usage and high-speed vehicle operations which may include gravel or lightly traveled two-track roadways. Listen, comprehend and respond to radio transmissions and other forms of communication.
Communicate verbally and effectively by listening to people and by giving information, directions and commands.
Exercise independent judgment within legal guidelines, to determine when there is reasonable suspicion to detain, when probable cause exists to search and arrest, and when force may be used and to what degree.
Gather information in criminal investigations by interviewing and obtaining the statements of victims, witnesses, suspects, and confidential informants.
Perform law-enforcement patrol functions while working rotating shifts and unanticipated overtime with periodic short notice.
Prepare incident reports, pursuit reports and other law enforcement-related documents using appropriate grammar. These documents may include sketches, symbols and mathematical computations.
Read and comprehend rules, regulations, policies, procedures and criminal law for purposes of ensuring appropriate officer behavior, response and actions while performing enforcement activities involving the public.
Complete necessary processing tasks including fingerprinting, photographs and necessary reports.
Possess sufficient physical and mental stamina to stay alert, focused and functional after extended hours on duty, rotating shifts and repeated rapid changes from sedentary activity to strenuous physical activity.
Read and comprehend legal and non-legal documents, which includes preparing, processing and issuing appearance tickets, bond receipts, information, criminal summons, depositions, warrants and other job-related documents.
Give travel directions, tourist information and other directions to the general public. Read and understand various land maps and nautical charts.
Obtain and broadcast accurate descriptions of suspects and/or vehicles.
Endure verbal abuse from suspects, arrestees and others encountered in antagonistic situations while maintaining a professional demeanor.
Climb over obstacles and through openings. Jump down from and up to elevated surfaces, over obstacles, ditches, streams and other outdoor environmental obstacles. Crawl in confined areas to investigate, pursue, apprehend, search and/or rescue. Perform all of the above during daylight and darkness, inside and outside, on frozen, wet and/or otherwise treacherous surface situations and in inclement weather.
From a sedentary status, enter and exit vehicles quickly to perform rescue operations, pursue a suspect or answer an emergency call. Vehicles include varied patrol vehicles, boats, snowmobiles and ORVs.
Manage interpersonal conflicts to maintain order and safety.
Perform tasks that require lifting, carrying or dragging people, heavy objects or animals while performing arrest, rescue or general patrol functions.
Run and pursue fleeing suspects on foot both day and night in unfamiliar terrain and in inclement weather.
Use bodily force or other appropriate lawful means to gain entrance through barriers to search, seize, investigate and/or rescue.
Carry out foot-patrol functions to include running and walking, using various types of footwear (including hip boots, waders, snowshoes) over varying terrain (including ice, snow and water) and in inclement weather. Walk long distances.
Effect an arrest, forcibly if necessary, using handcuffs and other restraints.
Load, unload, aim and fire handguns, shotguns and other agency-authorized firearms from a variety of body positions in situations that justify the use of deadly force while maintaining emotional control under extreme stress. Perform these functions in daylight and darkness, from varying surfaces and in inclement weather. Disassemble, clean, inspect and reassemble weapons. Maintain weapons and related equipment in a proper, functional and safe manner.
Operate an emergency vehicle during both the day and night, in emergency and pursuit situations, while exercising due care and caution. This may include exceeding posted speed limits, making exceptions to of traffic-control devices and driving in congested traffic and unsafe road conditions. Other factors may include environmental conditions such as fog, smoke, rain, ice, snow, daylight, darkness, seasonal non-maintained roadways, and off-road driving. Maintain control of a vehicle while operating the radio, emergency lights, siren and spotlights. Safely operate a vehicle in reverse gear. Be able to change patrol vehicle tire as necessary to maintain emergency response availability. Perform related equipment maintenance.
Perform searches of persons that involve touching and feeling to detect potential weapons and contraband.
Subdue resisting subjects using hands and feet while employing survival tactics, maneuvers or approved non-lethal weapons.
Perform other essential tasks as identified by the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES) job task analysis as it applies to general law enforcement and the conservation officer position.
Isolate and preserve crime and accident scenes.
Collect and safeguard evidence.
Perform all job functions in a manner that will not bring harm or pose a threat to the public.
Conduct searches of buildings and large outdoor areas, which may involve walking and/or standing for long periods of time. Possess the ability to distinguish color and perceive shapes in daylight, darkness and in inclement weather situations. Conduct related activities involving the sense of touch to detect objects and/or the sense of smell to detect the presence of smoke or fire or other materials such as burnt gunpowder, illegal drugs, alcohol or other substances.
Conduct visual and audio surveillance for extended periods of time in daylight and darkness as well as in inclement weather.
Load, unload and safely handle shotguns, rifles, handguns and other weapons used by others in a lawful or unlawful manner. Perform above functions in vehicles, in varying degrees of light, in inclement weather and while maintaining emotional control under conditions of potential extreme force and stress.
Operate canoes, kayaks and various vessel types on lakes and streams (including the Great Lakes) in a safe and prudent manner during all weather conditions. Load, unload and maintain these vessels properly and safely.
Operate snowmobiles, ORVs, bicycles and other recreational vehicles used for patrol purposes in a safe and prudent manner in varying terrain and weather conditions. Load, unload and maintain all vehicles in a proper and safe manner.
Provide first aid as needed, including CPR, rescue breathing and the Heimlich maneuver. Make use of appropriate personal protective equipment and devices.
Maintain all appropriate activity, radio, complaint, equipment and other administrative logs and records required.
Read license plates and registration numbers. See and recognize registration and inspection stickers from distances.
Properly wear the department-issued uniform, including the ballistic vest, Sam Browne belt and various footwear. All other associated equipment, including helmets, life jackets, gloves and eyewear, is used when necessary.
The duties and responsibilities stated here are not intended to be all-inclusive, and the employer reserves the right to assign related additional duties and responsibilities as necessary.
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