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Composting RegistrationAgency: Environmental Quality
The Office of Waste Management and Radiological Protection (OWMRP) within the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality(MDEQ), has the responsibility for receiving registration forms from owners of operators of composting facilities that accept yard clippings and that meet certain requirements under the authority of Part 115 of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, 1994 PA 451, as amended. Yard clippings includes leaves, grass clippings, vegetable or other garden debris, shrubbery, or brush and tree trimmings less than 4 feet in length and 2 inches in diameter. It does not include stumps, agricultural waste, animal waste, roots, sewage sludge, or garbage.
The purpose of the registration is for owners or operators to qualify their composting facilities by meeting certain requirements of Part 115. This is to ensure that yard clippings are only taken to facilities that operate in a manner that protects the public health, environment, and public trust. Facilities accepting other solid wastes for composting may need to obtain a permit and license as a solid waste processing plant under Part 115 depending on the waste (Chapter 4.4.2 Solid Waste Disposal Area Operating License). Businesses are encouraged to discuss operations with the MDEQ OWMRP District Office.
B. STATUTORY AUTHORITY:
Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, Public Act 451 of 1994, as amended Part 115, Solid Waste Management
C. APPLICABLE REGULATION:
Act 212 of 2007 (amends Part 115, Solid Waste Management, 1994 PA 451)
1. Applicability (activities that require the permit)
Composting facilities that have more than 200 cubic yards of yard clippings and unfinished compost that do not meet one of the following management options must register with the MDEQ. Sites not required to register include:
2. Pre-Application Requirements
3. Application Submission Requirements
Submit the required information on the registration form provided by the MDEQ and fee payment for the term of the registration. The owner or operator of an existing composting facility (i.e., a composting facility with operations prior to March 26, 2008) needed to submit a registration form and fee to the MDEQ postmarked by no later than March 26, 2008. A composting facility beginning operations on and after March 28, 2008, needs to submit a registration form and fee prior to beginning operations. Facilities must renew registrations every 3 years from the date of their initial application.
4. Procedures and Time-Frame for Obtaining Permit or Approval
This is a self-implementing program; no permits or approvals are issued. A site qualifies as a registered composting site if it submits properly completed registration form and fee payment, annual reports, and operates in accordance with the location restrictions and operating conditions identified in Sec 11521(4).
5. Operational Requirements
Registered sites must meet requirements identified in Sec 11521(4). Location restrictions are dependent when the facility began operations. See guidance available on the MDEQ website at http://www.michigan.gov/deqwaste and select "Solid Waste" and then "Composting".
$600 for the three-year term of the registration
7. Appeal Process
No formal appeal process is provided for in MCL 324.11521
8. Public Input Opportunities
Complaints or comments related to a composting facility may be filed with the MDEQ at any time. The complaints will be investigated and if they are validated through a finding of a violation then the MDEQ will pursue corrective actions with the operator. The MDEQ maintains a list of registered composting sites on their program web page.
Office of Waste Management and Radiological Protection, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, P.O. Box 30241, Lansing, Michigan 48909-7741
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