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January Unemployment Rates Increase Seasonally in All of Michigan's Regional Labor Markets; Area Jobless Rates Little Changed Over Year

Contact: Mario L. Morrow (517) 373-9280
Agency: Licensing and Regulatory Affairs

March 19, 2008 - Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates increased over the month in all of Michigan's 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Labor and Economic Growth.  In January, total employment levels declined seasonally in all regions.

"Regional labor markets in January were dominated by seasonal patterns with the onset of winter and the end of the holiday season," said Rick Waclawek, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  "Over the year, there were mostly modest changes in area unemployment rates; however, the majority of regions throughout the state reported job losses and a reduced labor force."

From December to January, jobless rate increases ranged from 0.1 to 1.4 percentage points with an average advance of 0.4 of a percentage point.  The largest over-the-month hikes occurred in the Monroe and Flint Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) along with the Northeast Lower Michigan Region.

Jobless Rates Mixed, But Little Changed Since January 2007
From January 2007 to January 2008, unemployment rates increased slightly in eight regions with the foremost hikes of around a half percentage point reported in the Flint and Saginaw-Saginaw Township North MSAs.  Jobless rates declined in six areas over the year with the largest decrease of a half percentage point recorded in the Lansing-East Lansing MSA.  The unemployment rates in the Ann Arbor and Detroit-Warren-Livonia MSAs along with the Upper Peninsula were unchanged since January 2007.

Total Employment Down Over Month, Year
From December to January, all 17 regions registered typically large seasonal drops in total employment ranging from 0.6 to 3.0 percent.  The most pronounced declines took place in the state's three northernmost labor market regions.

Since January 2007, total employment declined in 16 regions, with a median drop of 1.7 percent.  The most significant reductions occurred in the Flint and Saginaw-Saginaw Township North MSAs, while only minor declines were recorded in the Kalamazoo-Portage, Lansing-East Lansing and Grand Rapids-Wyoming MSAs.  Total employment rose over the year in the Niles-Benton Harbor MSA.

Note:  Labor force and payroll job data for all 12 months of 2007 have been recently revised.  Estimates for January 2008 are not comparable to previously released data.  For newly revised 2007 estimates, go to www.michigan.gov/lmi or contact 313-456-3090.

Labor Force Levels Down Over Month, Year
In January, 16 of the state's regions showed typical seasonal decreases in their respective labor force levels. 

From January 2007 to January 2008, labor force levels fell in 16 regions with an average decline of 1.5 percent.  The Niles-Benton Harbor MSA displayed a labor force gain over the year.

Seasonal Drop in Payroll Employment
The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan fell by 139,000 in January to total 4,137,000.  Job cuts were recorded in all statewide industry sectors.  Seasonal drops were posted in retail trade (-24,000), government (-21,000), professional and business services (-20,000), construction (-17,000), leisure and hospitality services (-14,000) and education and health services (-10,000).

Typical seasonal reductions in payroll employment were evident throughout all the metropolitan areas in Michigan.  The job declines in retail trade reflected part time, holiday-related job cuts.

Manufacturing employment fell by 19,000 in January mostly due to short-term layoffs in the auto industry.

From January 2007 to January 2008, seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs fell statewide by 49,000 or 1.2 percent.  Of the 12 major metropolitan areas in the state, seven reported job declines over the year while four displayed minor gains.  Jobs in the Muskegon-Norton Shores MSA were essentially unchanged over the year.  The majority of metropolitan areas recorded mostly moderate changes in payroll jobs since January 2007.  The largest over-the-year metro job losses were recorded in the Detroit-Warren-Livonia (-30,000), Flint (-5,000), Saginaw-Saginaw Township North (-3,000) and Ann Arbor (-3,000) MSAs.  Payroll jobs increased moderately over the year in the Niles-Benton Harbor, Lansing-East Lansing, Grand Rapids-Wyoming, and Kalamazoo-Portage MSAs.

Over the year, manufacturing and construction jobs were down in most metropolitan areas, while jobs in health services were up in nearly all regions.

County Jobless Rates Up Over Month, Mixed Over Year
Seventy-eight of Michigan's 83 counties recorded seasonal jobless rate hikes in January, with a median increase of 0.7 of a percentage point.  In January, twenty-eight of the state's counties recorded unemployment rates of 10.0 percent or higher. Unemployment rates declined over the month in two counties and were unchanged in the remaining three.

From January 2007 to January 2008, unemployment rates were up in 44 of the state's counties, down in 31, and were unchanged in the remaining eight.  Generally, jobless rate changes in the state's counties over the year were mild.

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data.

A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted January workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for January.

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads "Michigan Department of Labor & Economic Growth."

The Department of Labor & Economic Growth (DLEG) is investing in Michigan's future by helping to create the jobs of today and tomorrow, ensuring that our children and adults have the skills these jobs demand, making Michigan a better place to do business, and training and placing those who need jobs.

 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

 month

 year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

190,400

189,400

186,800

-1.4%

-1.9%

Total Employment

181,200

180,400

177,900

-1.4%

-1.8%

Unemployment

9,200

9,000

9,000

0.0%

-2.2%

Rate (percent)

4.8

4.7

4.8

   
           

Contact: Mark Reffitt, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 492-5550

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

 month

 year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

70,400

69,100

68,600

-0.7%

-2.6%

Total Employment

65,200

64,400

63,700

-1.1%

-2.3%

Unemployment

5,200

4,700

5,000

6.4%

-3.8%

Rate (percent)

7.4

6.8

7.2

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

 month

 year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

55,400

54,700

54,300

-0.7%

-2.0%

Total Employment

51,200

50,900

50,200

-1.4%

-2.0%

Unemployment

4,200

3,800

4,100

7.9%

-2.4%

Rate (percent)

7.7

7.0

7.6

   
           

Contact: Jason Palmer, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (989) 776-1508

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-LIVONIA MSA

     

month

 year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,144

2,127

2,111

-0.8%

-1.5%

Total Employment

1,969

1,957

1,938

-1.0%

-1.6%

Unemployment

175

171

173

1.2%

-1.1%

Rate (percent)

8.2

8.0

8.2

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

 month

 year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

212,300

207,300

206,200

-0.5%

-2.9%

Total Employment

193,400

190,300

186,700

-1.9%

-3.5%

Unemployment

18,900

17,000

19,600

15.3%

3.7%

Rate (percent)

8.9

8.2

9.5

   
           

Contact: Jason Palmer, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (989) 776-1508

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

 year

(Barry, Ionia, Kent , Newaygo counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

412,800

414,400

410,800

-0.9%

-0.5%

Total Employment

386,500

389,900

385,000

-1.3%

-0.4%

Unemployment

26,300

24,500

25,700

4.9%

-2.3%

Rate (percent)

6.4

5.9

6.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

HOLLAND - GRAND HAVEN MSA

     

month

 year

(Ottawa County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

136,600

136,700

135,000

-1.2%

-1.2%

Total Employment

128,400

128,800

126,800

-1.6%

-1.2%

Unemployment

8,200

7,900

8,200

3.8%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

6.0

5.8

6.1

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

 month

 year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,800

76,700

76,100

-0.8%

-2.2%

Total Employment

71,600

70,900

70,000

-1.3%

-2.2%

Unemployment

6,100

5,800

6,100

5.2%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

7.9

7.6

8.0

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

 month

 year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

176,100

176,500

175,200

-0.7%

-0.5%

Total Employment

165,200

166,400

164,700

-1.0%

-0.3%

Unemployment

10,800

10,100

10,600

5.0%

-1.9%

Rate (percent)

6.2

5.7

6.0

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

 month

 year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

251,100

249,900

249,000

-0.4%

-0.8%

Total Employment

234,500

235,800

233,800

-0.8%

-0.3%

Unemployment

16,700

14,200

15,200

7.0%

-9.0%

Rate (percent)

6.6

5.7

6.1

   
           

Contact: Mark Reffitt, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 492-5550

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

 month

 year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

78,300

76,300

77,000

0.9%

-1.7%

Total Employment

72,400

71,300

70,900

-0.6%

-2.1%

Unemployment

6,000

5,000

6,200

24.0%

3.3%

Rate (percent)

7.6

6.6

8.0

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

MUSKEGON - NORTON SHORES MSA

     

month

 year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

89,800

89,500

89,200

-0.3%

-0.7%

Total Employment

83,200

83,300

82,500

-1.0%

-0.8%

Unemployment

6,500

6,200

6,700

8.1%

3.1%

Rate (percent)

7.3

7.0

7.5

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

 month

 year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

78,000

80,800

80,200

-0.7%

2.8%

Total Employment

71,900

74,900

74,100

-1.1%

3.1%

Unemployment

6,100

5,900

6,100

3.4%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

7.8

7.2

7.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

SAGINAW-Saginaw Township North MSA

     

 month

 year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

98,700

96,200

95,800

-0.4%

-2.9%

Total Employment

91,000

89,200

87,900

-1.5%

-3.4%

Unemployment

7,600

7,100

7,900

11.3%

3.9%

Rate (percent)

7.7

7.3

8.2

   
           

Contact: Jason Palmer, DLEG Regional Economic Analyst (989) 776-1508

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

 month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

157,900

158,000

156,400

-1.0%

-0.9%

Total Employment

144,100

145,200

142,600

-1.8%

-1.0%

Unemployment

13,800

12,800

13,700

7.0%

-0.7%

Rate (percent)

8.8

8.1

8.8

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

 month

 year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency,Ogemaw, Oscoda,

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

95,000

95,000

93,600

-1.5%

-1.5%

Total Employment

83,600

84,500

82,000

-3.0%

-1.9%

Unemployment

11,400

10,600

11,600

9.4%

1.8%

Rate (percent)

12.0

11.1

12.4

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

 month

 year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

154,500

155,100

153,200

-1.2%

-0.8%

Total Employment

140,400

142,000

139,100

-2.0%

-0.9%

Unemployment

14,100

13,100

14,100

7.6%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

9.1

8.5

9.2

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Jan-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

% change

% change

MICHIGAN  (Data in thousands)

     

 month

 year

Civilian Labor Force

5,018

4,989

4,952

-0.7%

-1.3%

Total Employment

4,625

4,619

4,564

-1.2%

-1.3%

Unemployment

393

370

388

4.9%

-1.3%

Rate (percent)

7.8

7.4

7.8

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DLEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

 

Note:  In response to federal funding cuts resulting from the 2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act enacted on December 26, 2007, the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics announced the following reductions in the production of local employment data:

  1. All nonfarm payroll job series for the 65 smallest U.S. metropolitan areas will be discontinued

      • In Michigan, this means monthly payroll job estimates for the Bay City MSA (Bay County) and Monroe MSA (Monroe County) will not be produced in 2008

  2. Publication of all U.S. metropolitan area hours and earnings series from the establishment survey have been discontinued

 

MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
JANUARY 2008

             

1

Washtenaw County

4.8

 

43

Delta County

9.2

2

Isabella County

5.3

 

44

Shiawassee County

9.3

3

Kalamazoo County

5.3

 

45

Manistee County

9.4

4

Eaton County

5.6

 

46

Crawford County

9.4

5

Clinton County

5.7

 

47

Mason County

9.5

6

Midland County

5.8

 

48

Antrim County

9.5

7

Barry County

5.8

 

49

Genesee County

9.5

8

Menominee County

5.9

 

50

Alpena County

9.5

9

Kent County

6.0

 

51

Wexford County

9.6

10

Ottawa County

6.1

 

52

Huron County

9.7

11

Livingston County

6.2

 

53

Hillsdale County

9.7

12

Dickinson County

6.3

 

54

Luce County

9.8

13

Ingham County

6.4

 

55

Tuscola County

9.9

14

Cass County

6.4

 

56

Alger County

10.0

15

Oakland County

6.6

 

57

Benzie County

10.2

16

Leelanau County

6.6

 

58

St. Clair County

10.3

17

Calhoun County

7.2

 

59

Ogemaw County

10.4

18

Allegan County

7.2

 

60

Chippewa County

10.4

19

Marquette County

7.2

 

61

Otsego County

10.4

20

St. Joseph County

7.5

 

62

Lapeer County

10.5

21

Muskegon County

7.5

 

63

Charlevoix County

10.7

22

Grand Traverse County

7.6

 

64

Sanilac County

10.7

23

Berrien County

7.6

 

65

Missaukee County

10.8

24

Bay County

7.6

 

66

Gladwin County

10.9

25

Gogebic County

7.6

 

67

Montcalm County

11.1

26

Ionia County

7.7

 

68

Lake County

11.5

27

Branch County

7.7

 

69

Oceana County

12.0

28

Houghton County

7.9

 

70

Roscommon County

12.0

29

Monroe County

8.0

 

71

Emmet County

12.1

30

Jackson County

8.0

 

72

Oscoda County

12.6

31

Saginaw County

8.2

 

73

Iosco County

12.6

32

Macomb County

8.3

 

74

Clare County

12.6

33

Mecosta County

8.4

 

75

Arenac County

12.9

34

Newaygo County

8.4

 

76

Keweenaw County

13.1

35

Van Buren County

8.4

 

77

Alcona County

13.1

36

Iron County

8.4

 

78

Baraga County

13.3

37

Ontonagon County

8.6

 

79

Schoolcraft County

14.0

38

Osceola County

8.9

 

80

Montmorency County

15.8

39

Kalkaska County

8.9

 

81

Cheboygan County

17.2

40

Gratiot County

9.0

 

82

Presque Isle County

18.2

41

Wayne County

9.1

 

83

Mackinac County

21.6

42

Lenawee County

9.2

       

 

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