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Bulletin No. 2006-01-INSIn the matter of voluntary expedited
filing procedures for compliance with
the provisions of the Terrorism
Risk Insurance Extension Act of 2005
This bulletin supersedes OFIS Bulletin No. 2002-08-INS, dated December 20, 2002.
Several provisions of the initial Act have changed in the extension. Those changes include: deletion of commercial auto, burglary and theft, surety, professional liability, and farm owners multiperil coverages from eligible lines; increase in the individual company deductible for 2006 to 17.5 percent and the 2007 deductible to 20 percent; increase in the industry aggregate retention level from $15 billion to $25 billion in 2006 and to $27.5 billion in 2007; reduction in the federal share of compensation for covered losses from 90 percent to 85 percent for 2007; maintains the $5 million threshold for certification of a terrorist act, while establishing a per event trigger for federal participation in aggregate insured losses of $50 million for losses occurring after March 31, 2006 and before January 1, 2007 and $100 million for losses occurring in the 2007 Program Year; extension of existing litigation management provisions and codification of regulations requiring submission and approval of proposed settlements; and directing the President's Working Group on Financial Markets to study long-term availability and affordability of coverage for terrorism losses, including group life and nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological events. The President's Working Group on Financial Markets, in consultation with representatives of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, the insurance and securities industries and policyholders, is directed to submit a report of its findings to the House Financial Services and Senate Banking Committees by September 30, 2006.
The intent of this bulletin is to advise you of certain provisions of the
Act, as extended, that may require insurers to submit a filing in this state
of the disclosure notices, policy language and the applicable rates that are
discussed in the Act. In many cases, insurers' current filings will be
adequate to meet the needs of the nation's business.
These bulletins and sections of law should be read in conjunction with this current TRIA bulletin, which adheres to the NAIC model bulletin. They continue in effect and are not in any way diminished by this bulletin. Thus, an insurer should not make a filing based upon any filing requirements identified in this bulletin when rates, rules, or forms have been exempted from filing by Michigan law and/or bulletins. However, each insurer must continue to offer prescribed terrorism coverage at appropriate rates pursuant to the federal law.
Section 102(6) of the Act defines "insurers" for purposes of the Act. "Insurer" means any entity and affiliate thereof--(A) that is--(i) licensed or admitted to engage in the business of providing primary or excess insurance in any State; (ii) an eligible surplus line carrier listed on the Quarterly Listing of Alien Insurers of the NAIC, or any successor thereto; (iii) approved for the purpose of offering property and casualty insurance by a Federal agency in connection with maritime, energy, or aviation activity; (iv) a State residual market insurance entity or State workers' compensation fund; (B) that receives direct earned premium for any type of commercial property and casualty insurance coverage. The Secretary of Treasury may extend the Act to other classes or types of captive insurers and other self-insured arrangements by municipalities and other entities as well as to group life insurance.
Section 102(12) of the Act states that the term "property and casualty insurance" (A) means commercial lines of property and casualty insurance, including excess insurance, workers' compensation insurance, and directors and officers liability insurance, and (B) does not include crop or livestock insurance, private mortgage or title insurance, financial guaranty insurance issued by monoline financial guaranty insurance corporations, medical malpractice, health or life insurance including group life, flood insurance provided under the National Flood Insurance Act, reinsurance or retrocessional reinsurance, commercial automobile insurance, burglary and theft insurance, surety insurance, professional liability insurance, or farm owners multiple peril insurance.
All insurers, as defined in Section 102(6) of the Act, are required by the Act to participate in the Terrorism Insurance Program (the Program) and make available coverage for insured losses in all of their covered commercial lines policies. The term "insured loss" means any loss resulting from an act of terrorism (including an act of war, in the case of workers' compensation) that is covered by primary or excess property and casualty insurance issued by an insurer if such loss-(A) occurs within the United States; or (B) occurs in an air carrier (as described in section 40102 of title 49, United States Code), to a United States flag vessel (or a vessel based principally in the United States, on which United States income tax is paid and whose insurance coverage is subject to regulation in the United States), regardless of where the loss occurs, or at the premises of a United States mission. The Act also advises that insured loss excludes amounts awarded in a civil action that are attributable to punitive damages. The Act further requires insurers to make available property and casualty insurance coverage for insured losses that do not differ materially from the terms, amounts, and other coverage limitations applicable to losses arising from events other than acts of terrorism.
Certified and Non-Certified Losses
As a result of the definition of insured loss contained in the Act, there are essentially two distinct types of losses that a business might face that result from terrorism. One type of loss is the insured loss that is defined within and covered by the provisions of the Act. For convenience, we will adopt the moniker of "certified loss" to refer to losses resulting from certified acts of terrorism. The second type of loss that a business might face is one that does not fit within the definition of insured loss as described in the Act. For convenience, we will adopt the moniker of "non-certified loss" to refer to losses resulting from terrorism that is not certified. The most significant difference between these losses is that the certified losses will always involve a foreign person or foreign interest, while the non-certified losses may not.
This state has allowed, and will continue to allow, some significant limitations that provide coverage for acts of terrorism under certain circumstances. For policies providing property insurance coverage the following limitations apply to non-certified losses:
Definition of Act of Terrorism
Section 102(1) defines an act of terrorism for purposes of the Act. Section 102(1)(A) states, "The term "act of terrorism" means any act that is certified by the Secretary of the Treasury, in concurrence with the Secretary of State, and the Attorney General of the United States-(i) to be an act of terrorism; (ii) to be a violent act or an act that is dangerous to-(I) human life: (II) property; or (III) infrastructure; (iii) to have resulted in damage within the United States, or outside the United States in the case of-(I) an air carrier or vessel described in paragraph (5)(B); or (II) the premises of a United States mission; and (iv) to have been committed by an individual or individuals acting on behalf of any foreign person or foreign interest, as part of an effort to coerce the civilian population of the United States or to influence the policy or affect the conduct of the United States Government by coercion." Section 102(1)(B) states, "No act shall be certified by the Secretary as an act of terrorism if-(i) the act is committed as part of the course of a war declared by the Congress, except that this clause shall not apply with respect to any coverage for workers' compensation; or (ii) property and casualty insurance losses resulting from the act, in the aggregate, do not exceed $5,000,000." Section 102(1)(C) and (D) specify that the determinations are final and not subject to judicial review and that the Secretary of the Treasury cannot delegate the determination to anyone.
This state will not allow exclusions of coverage for acts of terrorism that fail to be certified losses solely because they fall below the $5,000,000 threshold in Section 102(1)(B) on any policy that provides coverage for certified losses. Insurers required to file policy forms may submit language containing coverage limitations for certified losses that exceed $100 billion.
The Act includes a definition of acts of terrorism that is used within this bulletin to mean certified losses. Policies subject to policy form filing requirements should also define what constitutes an act of terrorism for non-certified losses. For non-certified losses, this state would accept the following definition, or one that is more liberal to policyholders:
Submission of Rates, Policy Form Language and Disclosure Notices
If an insurer relies on an advisory organization to file loss costs and related rating systems on its behalf, no rate filing is required unless an insurer plans to use a different loss cost multiplier than is currently on file for coverage for certified losses. The rate filing should provide sufficient information for the reviewer to determine what price would be charged to a business seeking to cover certified losses. This state will accept filings that contain a specified percentage of premium to provide for coverage for certified losses. Insurers may also choose to use rating plans that take into account other factors such as geography, building profile, proximity to target risks and other reasonable rating factors. The insurer should state in the filing the basis that it has for selection of the rates and rating systems that it chooses to apply. The supporting documentation should be sufficient for the reviewer to determine if the rates are excessive, inadequate or unfairly discriminatory. For the convenience of insurers, this state will waive its requirements for supporting documentation for rates for certified losses for filings that apply an increased premium charge of between 0% and 20% and do not vary by application of other rating factors.
Insurers subject to policy form regulation must submit the policy language that they intend to use in this state. The policy should define acts of terrorism and both certified and non-certified losses in ways that are consistent with the Act, state law and the guidance provided in this bulletin. The definitions, terms and conditions should be complete and accurately describe the coverage that will be provided in the policy. Insurers may conclude that current filings are in compliance with the Act, state law and the requirements of this bulletin.
The Commissioner requests that the disclosure notices be filed for informational purposes, along with the policy forms, rates and rating systems as they are an integral part of the process for notification of policyholders in this state and should be clear and not misleading to business owners in this state. The disclosures should comply with the requirements of the Act and should be consistent with the policy language and rates filed by the insurer. Again, an insurer should not make a filing based upon any filing requirements identified in this bulletin when rates, rules, or forms have been exempted from filing by Michigan law and/or bulletins. However, each insurer must continue to offer prescribed terrorism coverage at appropriate rates pursuant to the federal law.
Effect on Workers' Compensation Insurance Coverage
Treatment of workers' compensation is slightly different than for other property and casualty insurance coverages. First, Section 102(1)(B)(i) provides that the federal program will share the risk of loss for workers' compensation for acts of war in addition to acts of terrorism. This treatment occurs because of the statutory nature of the workers' compensation program, which does not provide an exclusion for losses resulting from an act of war. Under Michigan law there is no exclusion for workers' compensation losses resulting from an act of war. There is no provision in the Act that would preempt the compulsory coverage aspects of workers' compensation insurance policies. In other respects, however, workers' compensation coverage is treated under the Act as any other covered line of insurance. Therefore, the notice requirements of Section 103(b)(2) and the mandatory "make available" requirements of Section 103(c) apply to workers' compensation policies. In this connection, workers' compensation insurers are required to separately state (the amount of) the estimated portion of the premium being charged a policyholder for acts of terrorism, as defined in the Act. As this state's workers' compensation law does not have any exclusions for terrorism or war, neither insurers nor policyholders may use the Act's procedures to create such an exclusion. With regard to the filing and approval of rates and forms, workers' compensation insurers are also covered by the Act.
Optional Provision for Standard Fire Policy States
In this state, the requirements for fire coverage are established by law and where applicable, must meet or exceed the provisions of the Standard Fire Policy. These legal requirements cannot be waived. Thus, a business cannot voluntarily waive this statutorily mandated coverage.
This bulletin shall take immediate effect and shall expire on December 31,
2007, unless Congress extends the duration of the Act.
Office of Financial and Insurance Services
Phone: (517) 373-4948
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